Cause and effect can be defined as the concept that an action or event will produce a certain response to the action in the form of another event; also written cause-effect, cause/effect.
Cause - the US president is elected by a electoral college resulting in the possibility that a president can be elected in spite of losing the popular vote by nearly three million votes. POTUS 45 is the latest example.
Cause and effect is a large part of Buddhism, expressed through Karma.
If X is a necessary cause for Y than the presence of Y indicates the prior presence of X. However, the presence of X does not necessarily mean Y will follow.
So how do cause and effect affect our lives? Every effect has a corresponding cause so it stands to reason that changing the causes will change the effects. To change your life change your choices. Perhaps the desired effect really requires multiple causes. Simply adding a new cause may be all that is necessary to achieve a desired effect. At a restaurant, the menu includes your favorite cut of steak but a satisfying meal requires more than just meat so you order sauteed mushrooms, asparagus, and a dinner salad. Now in my case, a double Glenlivet added to that order would achieve the desired effect - a satisfying meal.
There are some who believe the two recent powerful hurricanes that hit in Texas and Florida were the result of climate change. We have never had two such hurricanes come ashore in the same year let alone within weeks of each other. Surely climate change has caused an increase in size and intensity of the hurricanes.
Unfortunately, the only thing odd about the two hurricanes is that they came ashore. Of course, the evangelical right thinks that was God punishing us for things like gay tolerance and the general disintegration of our cultural mores. The fact is hurricanes of that size occur annually, they just do not all come ashore. They typically spin out to sea. The Weather Channel experts suggest there is still much work to be done to link hurricane size and intensity to climate change - man made or otherwise.